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|README.md||преди 1 година|
The goal is to implement an AT-Command-set styled (See Hayes command set) Firmware on the Texas Instruments CC2531 USB Evaluation Module Kit. The built-in USB interface should be recognized as an USB<-> Serial Converter Chip and AT-Commands can then be send via an serial terminal connection. The CC2531 should act as a Node in an 6LoWPAN Network connected to different Nodes and to an EDGE-Router to the Internet like shown below.
You need the following Soft- and Hardware in order to use this project.
Texas Instruments CC2531 USB Evaluation Module Kit - The USB Evaluation Kit
CC-Debugger - Programmer and Debugger Hardware
Contiki OS 2.7 is being used as an embedded operating System running on the CC2531 System-on-Chip. In order to build this project you need to:
You can also Reefer to here for these steps
sudo nano /etc/environment in an Terminal and add these two lines at the end and replace
<ABSOLUTE_CONTIKI_PATH>with the absolute path where the contiki folder is located, without / slash at the end. Example:
<ABSOLUTE_SDCC_PATH>with the absolute path where the sdcc folder is located, without / slash at the end. Example:
Logoff and Login again
Open up a Terminal and enter
git clone https://github.com/BlkPingu/zigPAN cd ./zigPAN/src make
After finishing the
make command you should have an .hex file in the ./src folder that you can move to your shared folder and then flash onto the CC2531 Chip.
This guide lists the packages required before you can build/use Contiki’s 8051-based ports.
Information on this page has been tested on Ubuntu and on Mac OS X. Things should work on Cygwin but may require some tweaking.
This guide is a clone of the guide on GitHub. In cases where you see conflicting information, this page here wins.
Make sure you have the following installed:
brew install srecord. At the time of writing, this command would result in boost getting installed as well so two birds with one stone.
This is what happens if you try to compile srecord with the Apple libtool:
make libtool --mode=compile --tag=CXX g++ \ -g -O2 -I. -c srec_cat/arglex3.cc -o \ srec_cat/arglex3.lo libtool: unknown option character `-' in: --mode=compile Usage: libtool -static [-] file [...][-filelist listfile[,dirname]] [-arch_only arch][-sacLT] Usage: libtool -dynamic [-] file [...][-filelist listfile[,dirname]] [-arch_only arch][-o output] [-install_name name][-compatibility_version #] [-current_version #][-seg1addr 0x#] [-segs_read_only_addr 0x#] [-segs_read_write_addr 0x#][-seg_addr_table ] [-seg_addr_table_filename <file_system_path>] [-all_load][-noall_load] make: *** [srec_cat/arglex3.lo] Error 1
libtool -V Apple Inc. version cctools-822
If you install GNU libtool via homebrew, it will be prefixed with a ‘g’:
glibtool --version libtool (GNU libtool) 2.4.2 Written by Gordon Matzigkeit firstname.lastname@example.org, 1996 Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Change srecord’s build system to use glibtool instead of libtool and you are sorted.
brew install boost
In order to compile contiki, you need a version of the SDCC compiler. Unfortunately, the binary packages don’t contain all the libraries we need so you will have to compile SDCC from sources.
Before anything else, make sure you don’t have a pre-installed version from the Ubuntu archive!
SDCC supports various device types. You can compile it with support for all of them or only some. The port of interest to us is the mcs51. Disabling all other ports will make the compile considerably faster.
Recent Tested SDCC revisions: 9092
svn co -r [rev] svn://svn.code.sf.net/p/sdcc/code/trunk/sdcc
SDCC revisions between 7102 and 8719 suffer from a bug and can’t build banked firmware. Make sure you are not using one of those revisions. If you are getting the error below, this is most probably the cause and you need to rebuild SDCC:
srec_cat -disable_sequence_warnings border-router.banked-hex -intel -crop 0x18000 0x1FFFF -offset -65536 -o bank1.hex -intel srec_cat -disable_sequence_warnings border-router.banked-hex -intel -crop 0x28000 0x2FFFF -offset -98304 -o bank2.hex -intel srec_cat -disable_sequence_warnings border-router.banked-hex -intel -crop 0x38000 0x3FFFF -offset -131072 -o bank3.hex -intel srec_cat -disable_sequence_warnings border-router.banked-hex -intel -crop 0x48000 0x4FFFF -offset -163840 -o bank4.hex -intel srec_cat -disable_sequence_warnings border-router.banked-hex -intel -crop 0x00000 0x07FFF -o home.ihx -intel srec_cat home.ihx -intel bank1.hex -intel bank2.hex -intel bank3.hex -intel bank4.hex -intel -o border-router.hex -intel srec_cat: bank1.hex: 1: file contains no data make: *** [border-router.hex] Error 1 rm border-router.flags border-router.banked-hex obj_cc2530dk/border-router.app.rel
cd into the extracted directory. This will be called
Now you need to hack sdcc’s build system a bit, in order to get correct library versions.
device/lib/incl.mk. We need model-huge and model-large libraries. To instruct the build system to build model-huge libraries, find this line:
MODELS = small medium large
huge. You may remove
medium if you only use SDCC for contiki, but make sure you keep
large. So your new line may end up looking like this
MODELS = small large huge
device/lib/Makefile.in. Find this line:
TARGETS += models small-mcs51-stack-auto
Replace it with this
TARGETS += models model-mcs51-stack-auto
./configure --disable-werror --disable-gbz80-port --disable-z80-port --disable-ds390-port --disable-ds400-port --disable-pic14-port --disable-pic16-port --disable-hc08-port --disable-r2k-port --disable-z180-port --disable-sdcdb --disable-ucsim
--prefix=diroption of the
If you get any errors about missing packages, fix them.
make install as root or with sudo
You now have a working compiler and libraries. The SDCC executable might be outside the PATH, depending where you installed it. Try running
sdcc -v and see if it’s in the PATH. If not, add it. If SDCC is in the PATH and you have compiled excluding unused ports,
sdcc -v will show you something like this:
SDCC : mcs51 3.4.1 #9092 (Oct 22 2014) (Mac OS X x86_64)
The list of supported ports appears after the : and before the version number. If you build everything this message will be a lot longer.
These instructions will get you a copy of the project up and running on your local machine for development and testing purposes. See deployment for notes on how to deploy the project on a live system.
What things you need to install the software and how to install them
● gcc, glibc, make, tar, textutils, grep, find
● sdcc version 2.7.0 or later with large-stack-auto library and banking
SDCC package from Sensinode (with banking support). Does not work for applications larger than 64 kb of ROM.
● minicom (or other serial port terminal program)
● rpm for microcontroller tool installation
● doxygen for rebuilding NanoStack references
● a USB port + FTDI USB drivers (part of the standard Linux kernel)
The distribution package names depend on your distribution.
A binary install requires only the serial interface from the above mentioned list and in addition to that it
requires rpm in Fedora Core (or other rpm based) systems.
The installation of the nRouted daemon requires root privileges. It is possible to install the nRouted not as
a system daemon that is started automatically when the system starts but rather as an ordinary program. In
such case the process does not require root privileges but it still requires that the user must have access to
the serial device (e.g. /dev/ttyUSB0).
The PC software CD contains the NanoStack tools packaged for selected Linux distributions. Supported
distributions are Fedora Core 4 and later.
In Fedora Core the tool binaries are installed by issuing the command:
cd <CD-ROM root>
rpm -Uvh *.rpm
This installs the SDCC compiler and libraries. Try that SDCC works by typing sdcc and then asx8051 on
the command line. You may need to make sybolic links to sdcc on some systems if the NanoStack makefile
can not find sdcc or asx8051. These are created like:
ln -s sdcc-sdcc sdcc
ln -s sdcc-asx8051 asx8051
To install NanoStack the source package is extracted from the CD to a directory where the user has
permissions to create new files and subdirectories. Then the Makefile should be able to handle the rest. For
Copy the NanoStack directory from the CD-ROM to your working directory.
cd <working directory>
cp -R /<CD-ROM path>/NanoStack/NanoStack-v1.0.3/ .
You can now test that NanoStack builds properly like this:
cd <working directory>/NanoStack-v1.0.3/Examples/nano_skeleton
You should see the build process complete without errors and a nano_skeleton.hex file appear in the same
A step by step series of examples that tell you have to get a development env running
Say what the step will be
Give the example
End with an example of getting some data out of the system or using it for a little demo
This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE.md file for details